Start with an enclosed area (fence barrier) with newspaper covering the floor. It is best to have a small crate in the enclosure with blankets inside. Keep the crate door open for now. When the puppy is taken out of this area to play we keep newspaper on the floor nearby so a quick transfer to the paper can occur if the puppy starts to poop or pee. Lots of praise and a treat when they go on the paper anywhere.
Start schedule for taking outdoors if immunizations have reached this point. Always take out 10 to 20 minutes after meals to start a pattern. You may have to wait up to 30 minutes for success. When he/she starts to relieve himself use the word “go potty” or whatever you prefer. Take them outside during the day between meals every hour or so and treat and praise (“good dog”, or whatever marker you choose) if you get lucky. At some point the puppy may pee or poop on the paper when outside the enclosure – LOTS of praise. Once started on the paper start moving it closer to the door to the yard, but continue taking to the yard very often. As soon as possible move the paper outdoors and after a few days you can stop using the paper completely. Mistakes should be ignored but immediately cleaned up with an enzyme odor neutralizer.
At 2 to 3 months try to keep the crate closed for short periods during the day and carry to the yard as soon as you let them out of the crate. Gradually increase the time the crate is closed and start closing at night. This may entail some 2:00 AM time outside. When house training in one part of the house is reliable, start showing him the rest of the house for short periods, but only on leash to stop pooping or peeing before they start. The goal is zero mistakes as each mistake results in a major setback.· in addition to taking out after meals, take pup out first thing in the morning, after every nap and last thing before bed.
· Do not begin to praise & treat the pup for going potty until dog is finished. If you praise mid stream, you may interrupt him and inadvertently inhibit him.
· Handler needs to go outside with pup every time.
· Do not bring pup indoors immediately after pottying. The pup may learn this and delay pottying to be able to stay outside longer. In addition to praising and treating for going potty outside, play with pup a few minutes outdoors as a reward.